William Pitt Ballinger
Texas Lawyer, Southern Statesman, 1825–1888
Texas History
6.25 x 9.25, 348 pp.
16 illus.
Pub Date: 01/26/2004
  paper
Price:        $29.95 s

978-0-87611-199-4

Published by Texas State Historical Assn Press
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William Pitt Ballinger

Texas Lawyer, Southern Statesman, 1825–1888

By John Moretta

Few people have played a more important role in the history of Texas than William Pitt Ballinger. Though not as well known as legendary figures Stephen F. Austin or Sam Houston, Ballinger is one of those individuals whose behind-the-scenes life had a major impact on the events of his time. This thoroughly researched and engagingly written biography brings Ballinger to life as one of the most complete men of his time: lawyer, soldier, public servant, civic leader, author, editorialist, naturalist, education reformer, and bibliophile.

In his long and illustrious career as a lawyer, Ballinger was usually the picture of calm and confidence, but on the morning of April 21, 1881, he found it difficult to maintain his composure as he awaited a conference with Jay Gould, the legendary “robber baron” of the Gilded Age, who had written Ballinger just six days earlier “to obtain the best legal advice I can.”

After four hours of consultation, Gould left Ballinger’s office with the legal opinion he sought and a bill for $2,500. Gould was looking for “a lawyer with great ability and nerve,” and he later remarked dryly that Ballinger’s insightful opinion convinced him of his ability, and that the size of the bill convinced him that Ballinger had the nerve.

Jay Gould was just one of the many significant figures who befriended or worked with Ballinger: Daniel Webster, William Seward, Albert Sidney Johnston, Jefferson Davis, Samuel Colgate, and William Tecumseh Sherman, to name but a few. Within Texas, Ballinger’s list of friends and acquaintances read like a “Who’s Who” of the mid-nineteenth century: Sam Houston, Michel Menard, Samuel May Williams, William Marsh Rice, and Francis Lubbock, among others. His brothers-in-law, Guy Bryan and Supreme Court Justice Samuel Miller, were both instrumental in getting Ballinger nominated to the Texas Supreme Court and to the Supreme Court of the United States. The reserved Ballinger declined both opportunities.

Ballinger served Texas in a number of areas, from helping make Galveston the state’s premier antebellum city to devoting his service to the Confederacy (although he had been a staunch Unionist). After the war, he helped negotiate Texas’ surrender and played a key role in the drafting of the state’s 1876 constitution.

But Ballinger’s life was not just about the law; it was about living life to the fullest. He was an intense, driven man, devoted to his family, his law practice, his nation, and his beloved state. In Ballinger’s fascinating life and career we see reflected some of the most important issues of his era, including secession, slavery, corporations, and the law. The social, political, and cultural climate of Texas, the South, and the nation are revealed through the life, eyes, and mind of this remarkable, articulate man whose life spanned much of the nineteenth century.

JOHN MORETTA received his Ph.D. in history from Rice University. He is professor of history at Central College, Houston Community College, and teaches at the University of Houston.

What Readers Are Saying:

"A signal contribution to nineteenth-century history, this well crafted biography of the father of the legal profession in Texas deserves the attention of every student of the state's history. It is deeply researched, beautifully written, and analytically incisive—a significant scholarly accomplishment that illuminates the major events and issues of Ballinger's era." --John B. Boles, Editor

"John Moretta's William Pitt Ballinger breathes life into an important, though previously overlooked, architect of the Lone Star State. In a concise but sweeping biography, Moretta combines rigorous scholarship with a smooth narrative style that spans all of the critical issues of mid-nineteenth century history, in Texas and in the nation." --Eric H. Walther, Associate Professor, University of Houston, author of The

"John Anthony Moretta has written more than a biography of William Pitt Ballinger. He has fashioned a superb study of an era in Texas history and the history of the South and has broadened our knowledge of the practice of law in Texas in the pre– and post–Civil War eras. --Stanley Siegel, University of Houston
"Until the advent of the Civil War, Ballinger was a Unionist. At that point, he saw in secession a reenactment of the American Revolution. By the time Texas seceded on February 2, 1861, there was no more confirmed rebel than Ballinger. Until his death on January 20, 1888, Ballinger's legal practice was devoted primarily to railroad and real estate matters. Nominated to both the Texas Supreme Court and the U.S. Supreme Court, he shied away from both appointments. William Pitt Ballinger has been eminently well served by his biographer, John Anthony Moretta." --Stanley Siegel, University of Houston

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