As historian Miguel Antonio Levario explains in this timely book, current tensions and controversy over immigration and law enforcement issues centered on the US-Mexico border are only the latest evidence of a long-standing atmosphere of uncertainty and mistrust plaguing this region. Militarizing the Border: When Mexicans Became the Enemy, focusing on El Paso and its environs, examines the history of the relationship among law enforcement, military, civil, and political institutions, and local communities. In the years between 1895 and 1940, West Texas experienced intense militarization efforts by local, state, and federal authorities responding to both local and international circumstances. El Paso’s “Mexicanization” in the early decades of the twentieth century contributed to strong racial tensions between the region’s Anglo population and newly arrived Mexicans. Anglos and Mexicans alike turned to violence in order to deal with a racial situation rapidly spinning out of control.
Highlighting a binational focus that sheds light on other US-Mexico border zones in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Militarizing the Border establishes historical precedent for current border issues such as undocumented immigration, violence, and racial antagonism on both sides of the boundary line. This important evaluation of early US border militarization and its effect on racial and social relations among Anglos, Mexicans, and Mexican Americans will afford scholars, policymakers, and community leaders a better understanding of current policy . . . and its potential failure.
What Readers Are Saying:
" . . . this book is needed . . excellent . . . will make an important contribution to the field . . . exhaustive research in local, state, and national archives . . . other books exist on the subject of racism and its roots, but this book covers different territory . . . unique features"--Arnoldo De Leon, professor of history, Angelo State University and co-author of Beyond Texas Through Time
"This work represents an important contribution to the continuing effort to excavate the past in order to provide a deeper understanding of the history of the people of Mexican origin in the United States, and more specifically, of the Tejano experience."--Alex M. Saragoza, department of Comparative Ethnic Studies, University of California, Berkeley
"Militarizing the Border establishes historical precedent for current border issues such as undocumented immigration, violence, and racial antagonism on both sides..."--Kevin R. Johnson, ImmigrationProf Blog
"...a thoroughly researched, well-organized examination of how militarization of the border affected Mexican racial identity, Anglo-Mexican relations, and United States-Mexico relations...an excellent addition..."--Don. M. Coerver, The Americas
“The work provides a thoroughly researched, well-organized examination of how militarization of the border affected Mexican racial identity, Anglo-Mexican relations, and United States-Mexico relations. It will make an excellent addition…”—Don M. Coerver, The Americas
“In this thoroughly researched and conceptually innovative book, Miguel Antonio Levario describes twin processes of militarization and racialization on the U.S.-Mexico border around El Paso and Ciudad Juarez, against a backdrop of modernization from 1893 to 1933."--Casey Walsh, The Journal of American History
"Levario's Militarizing the Border offers readers a gripping analytical narrative of U.S. state policing of ethnic Mexicans in the far west Texas and the New Mexico borderlands from 1893 and 1933... The book examines how border people's perceived transgressions against Anglo authority linked the Mexican community with criminal activity in the minds of officials in Austin and Washington... Militarizing the Border makes a substantial contribution to borderlands, migration, and Mexican American history... Levario's book shows readers that today's problems are not new." --George T. Diaz
"Miguel Levario, a scholar and a member of the history department at Texas Tech University, has put together a well-researched work on the Texas-Mexican border at the turn of the twentieth century." -- Harold J. Weiss, Jr