Before the Rhetorical Presidency
Presidential Studies - American History
6 x 9, 356 pp.
4 b&w photos.
Pub Date: 11/05/2008
Presidential Rhetoric and Political Communication
Price:        $49.95 s

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Before the Rhetorical Presidency

Edited by Martin J. Medhurst

Since its identification in 1981, the rhetorical presidency has drawn both defenders and critics. Chief among those critical of the practice is political theorist Jeffrey K. Tulis, whose 1987 book, The Rhetorical Presidency, helped popularize the construct and set forth a sustained analysis of the baleful effects that have allegedly accompanied the shift from a “constitutional” presidency to a “rhetorical” one.

Tulis locates this shift in the presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, arguing that the rhetorical presidency is a twentieth-century phenomenon. Yet not all scholars agree with this assessment. Before the Rhetorical Presidency is an attempt to investigate how U.S. presidents in the nineteenth century communicated with their publics, both congressional and popular.

In part 1, Martin J. Medhurst, Mel Laracey, Jeffrey K. Tulis, and Stephen E. Lucas set forth differing perspectives on how the rhetorical presidency ought to be understood and evaluated. In part 2, eleven scholars of nineteenth-century presidential rhetoric investigate the presidencies of Martin Van Buren, John Tyler, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland, and William McKinley.

As the first volume ever to focus on nineteenth-century presidents from a rhetorical perspective, Before the Rhetorical Presidency examines administrations, policies, and events that have never before been subjected to rhetorical analysis. The sometimes startling outcomes of these investigations reveal the need for continuing debate over the nature, practices, and effects of the rhetorical presidency.

In a brief afterword, Medhurst raises eight challenges to the original formulation of the rhetorical presidency and in so doing sets forth an agenda for future studies.

MARTIN J. MEDHURST served as founding editor for the Presidential Rhetoric Series and was the prime mover behind ten annual conferences on presidential rhetoric held at Texas A&M University. He is now Distinguished Professor of Rhetoric and Communication at Baylor University.

What Readers Are Saying:

"This work succeeds on both conceptual and historical grounds. The detailed case studies in this volume explore the rhetorical efforts of 18th and 19th century presidents in ways that scholars of U.S. political culture and the presidency will appreciate. The essays together make a strong argument that the 'rhetorical presidency,' especially as described by Jeffrey Tulis et al., is more complicated than we may have previously thought."--Vanessa Beasley, author, Who Belongs in America?

“Medhurst has a great talent for assembling writers from a variety of disciplines to address selected issues. His volumes form a major part of the sub-discipline of presidential studies. Before the Rhetorical Presidency is certainly of the same high caliber as his previous collections.” --Dr. Philip Abbott, Wayne State University


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