Almonte's Texas
Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report, and Role in the 1836 Campaign
Texas History
8 illus. 5 maps (1 color foldout).
Pub Date: 08/16/2005
  paper
Price:        $24.95

978-0-87611-207-6

Published by Texas State Historical Assn

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Winner of the 2003 Kate Broocks Bates Award for Historical Research


2003 Summerfield G. Roberts Prize


2003 Friends of the Dallas Public Library Award for the Book Making the Most Significant Contribution to Knowledge


2005 San Antonio Conservation Society Citation.


Almonte's Texas

Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report, and Role in the 1836 Campaign

Edited by Jack Jackson
Translated by John Wheat

In late 1833 Mexico began to have serious fears that its northeastern territory in Texas would be lost to North American colonists. To determine the actual state of affairs, Mexico sent Col. Juan N. Almonte to Texas on an inspection—the last conducted by a high-ranking Mexican official before revolution separated Texas from Mexico. Upon his return to the Mexican capital in November 1834, Almonte wrote a secret report of the measures necessary to avoid the loss of Texas—a report that has been unknown to scholars or the general public.

Here it is presented in English for the first time, along with more than fifty letters that Almonte wrote during his inspection. This documentation offers crucial new insights on Texas affairs and will change the way historians regard Mexico’s attitudes toward the foreign colonists and their revolution of 1835–1836.

When Santa Anna marched an army north to crush the Texas rebellion, Almonte was by his side as a special advisor. He kept a journal, lost at the Battle of San Jacinto, which is presented here with full annotation. Almonte’s role in the 1836 campaign is examined, as well as his subsequent activities that relate to Texas. Through Almonte’s Texas we gain an overdue appreciation of this man who played a leading role in the history of Texas and Mexico.

The late JACK JACKSON was an award-winning scholar and illustrator. He authored numerous books and articles, including Imaginary Kingdom: Texas as Seen by the Rivera and Rubi Military Expeditions, 1727 and 1767.



JOHN WHEAT, archives translator at the Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin, is the translator of numerous historically significant documents of borderlands history.

What Readers Are Saying:

“This is a fascinating, revelatory, and highly satisfying book for anyone interested in the real meat of the story of the Texas Revolution—in all its political, military and diplomatic dimensions. The editors have put Almonte in the center of this story of Texas in the 1830s and 40s, and that’s exactly where he belongs. Bravo!” --James Crisp

“This is a highly significant, major contribution to the documentation of early Texas history, and greatly adds to the broadening understanding of the roots of the Texas revolution.” --Dale Farris

“. . . stunningly original, sound in scholarship, important to specialists in the field, and makes magnificent use of a very wide variety of sources. Moreover, the first publication in English of one of the most important documents in Texas history—Almonte’s 1834 ‘Secret Report’—is a significant event in itself . . . . [This book makes] the editors’ case for the central importance of Almonte to . . . Mexican policy towards Texas in the years immediately surrounding the Texas revolt.” --James W. Crisp

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